Over the years, Hong Kong has built up a clean culture and is recognized
as one of the role models for fighting corruption. Syndicated and petty corruption
in the public sector has become a thing of the past and irregularities in the
private sector have been reduced substantially (Li, 2001).
There has been a radical change in the culture too, "from tolerance of corruption
to clear rejection" (Chui, 2000). In fact, some of the main reasons for
Hong Kong's success include:
the creation of the unimpeachable anti-corruption agency in 1974, the Independent
Commission Against Corruption (the "ICAC") which was established with a well-planned long-term
strategy that uses a three-pronged attack on corruption via investigation, prevention and
the attention to all corruption reports; and
the ability to maintain confidentiality (de Speville, 1999).
In addition, though compelled by public criticism, the recognition of
corruption as a real problem by the then British colonial government
in Hong Kong [1a][1b] and its subsequent commitment to solving it also constituted
a major factor of success (Quah, 2004).
This "commitment," however, is not just one single policy or legislation,
but is a whole range of various complicated administrative policies,
legal initiatives, and financial tactics applied consistently and
strategically over a long period of time – hence effectively creating
an environment "suitable for fighting corruption."
In this section, we shall review from a new strategic viewpoint
the "passive commitments" of the Hong Kong colonial government in terms of:
the local economic and social statistics for a 25-year period spanning 1967 thru 1992 and
the behavioral patterns and theories of people.
In addition, we shall also relate the above to see how these had possibly
and indirectly contributed to make corruption a low gain and high risk crime
and how these had fostered the effectiveness of the corresponding legislations
and helped the work of the local anti-corruption agency. Last but not the least;
we will try, through our findings, to make some recommendations for the
future enhancement for the current Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG)
in its ever on-going combat against corruption.
Note 1a: While many may belive that Hong Kong's success is a direct consequence of
British Crown rule, the Indians could very much disagree. Following the Indian Rebellion in
1857, the period after WWI was marked by hated British rule and reforms (led by the Government of India Act 1858)
but also repressive legislation, causing more Indians to call for self-rule (and hence
the non-violent movement of non-cooperation and civil disobedience of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi).
The Indians eventually achieved their independence in 1947 (illustration below).
See also Datta, V.N. (2006). "India's Independence Pledge". In Gandhi, Kishore. India's Date with Destiny. Allied Publishers. pp.34-39.
More from Wikipedia on Independence Day (India)
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For those you who don't have time
to read all our news excerpts about the Asian island
disputes (links above), you may find the following video,
"The economic impact of a war between Japan and China",
"This trial is another example of the Kremlin's attempts to discourage and delegitimize dissent. It is likely to backfire."
John Dalhuisen, Director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme
I am proud to announce that
the Commentary.com website is now carrying the technology updates
from Usman Khurshid's Technize.net.
Usman is a network consultant and works in a mixed environment
of Windows and Linux platforms.
He likes to study about the
latest advancements in computer technology and shares his views on his blog.
Oh, please do not get me wrong.
This new section is not about computers, electronics or
any engineering stuff, but rather I am currently constructing
a new corpus based on Spectrum, the monthly publication
from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers USA,
from July 2007 to date. Having been a member for
over 20 years since 1992, I am always fascinated by
some of the terms scientists use when they talk about or
envision their new inventions or methodologies. How many of
them eventually come into practice? Could there be
some insights we could possibly derive, from
the linguistics perspective?
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