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 Thursday, July 19 2018 7:44am Hongkong Time

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Shortly thereafter, all parties withdrew. Chiang Kai Shek's forces made their way to Taiwan and had a peaceful interval to establish a local government. From a historical perspective, the dynastic Chinese Central Governments tolerated local independence provided this did not lead to separatism. It was not unusual for warlords to establish and run local governments in all Chinese provinces. In fact, this is one of the obstacles faced by Communist lead government in Beijing today in its efforts to unify and modernize the country, a task that was accomplished in the West as part of the introduction of capitalism that needed central direction.

Thus began the split of a Chinese province from political directives of the Central Government with a distinct intent of separation. In ancient times, such extremes were not tolerated. On again, off again maneuvers by the Kuomintang and Western powers contemplating separation from its history as an integral part of China continued throughout the second half of the 20th century. From a historic perspective, remnants of tolerance for local deviations by warlords remains an impediment to economic unification of China to this very day. It is expressed in the corruption of local Communist leaders who deviate from directives reflected of the central government and are now the number one problem in testing the capability of the Beijing government to rule. This was the main subject at the recent Plenaries of the Communist Party in October and November 2004.

Two years later the United Nations was formally established as a center for compromise between two worlds and the very same year Churchill, at the behest of the right wing in the USA, enunciated the beginning of the Cold War in Fulton, Missouri. Having accomplished this compromise mechanism between two social systems, capitalists termed "free world" and socialist termed variously from "new world" to "proletarian." The PRC, under the leadership of Mao Zedong, followed basic centralized command structure of the USSR. The explosion of a hydrogen bomb by the USSR established a balance of terror in a divided world. The Soviet Union assisted the beginning of Chinese industrialization - except for sharing knowledge of nuclear power. On the other hand, Mao insisted that China would not be a "junior partner" in a socialist alliance. This led to a split in 1957, followed by twenty years of floundering and searching for direction through the so-called "Great Leap Forward" and the ten-year "Cultural Revolution." As Mao deteriorated, a Gang of Four (which included his wife) sought to perpetuate the turmoil but was* defeated after a sharp struggle registered for history on "a democracy wall" led by Chou En-lai and leaders he had saved like Deng Xiaoping. After Mao's death, Chou En-lai, in 1975 (his last year), proposed a new road for China's socialist development, debated in 1976 and established as policy direction in 1978 - a turning point in Chinese and, I dare say, in world history.

Essentially the new direction entailed modernization of its means of production and the establishment of market relations on the assumption that it would be regulated and consistent with the central planning of a socialist society. Furthermore, encouragement of enterprise included legitimation of private property and invitation to foreign capital to bring in manufacturing and high tech, quite a departure from the socialist mode in the USSR. Provinces like Hong Kong and Macao, as well as Taiwan, continued in a capitalist mode of production giving rise to Deng's characterization of the Chinese economy as being "one country -- two systems." While the return of Hong Kong and Macao to Chinese political jurisdiction from imperialist controls was already contemplated based upon contractual relations, which were drawing to a close, Taiwan differed in that context since it had never been occupied by a foreign power. Nonetheless, the pledge of the Central Government to respect capitalist relations in these provinces is an umbrella that includes Taiwan.

Taiwan, in essence, became a military protectorate of the USA, was sponsored in international circles and favored economically with investment and trade, becoming one of the outstanding world producers of plastic and later, electronics. It's economic integration developed with the West before mainland modernization. Cross-channel investments did not begin until the modernization program was well under way in the late 1980s and in high gear in the 1990s. Though the Kuomintang oriented government continued to pressure enterprises against moving facilities to the mainland, that changed with the unprecedented growth of China's economy in the Eastern and Southern provinces across the Straits. Taiwan continued to hold the Security Council seat until 1971, just before the Nixon rapprochement.

During the latter days of the turmoil, the Nixon Administration, seeking to neutralize China during the Cold War and taking advantage of the fifteen year split with the Soviet Union, made contact and visited Beijing to open relations with the Communist regime. Notably this was also the period during which the Assembly in the United Nations moved to remove Taiwan representation in the China seat of the Security Council and recognize the legitimacy of the central government in Beijing.

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COUNT ON THE STATISTICS  100% Towels (c) Daniel Chittka
Photo © Daniel Chittka

This new section contains some interesting statistics in bribe and corruption, please check back for more as we pile up our numbers!

It's statistics time!  Using n-gram: kickback, graft, bribe and corruption - Comparison of their historical occurrences from 1810 to 2009 A.D.

  The word guanxi (collocation) and meanings of bribe: Deeply rooted, disgusting, sad endings

LATEST STUFF TO PONDER UPON
Looking for a good book (c) Doug Logan
Photo © Doug Logan
tagged by area of interestBY AREA OF INTEREST
Trends
Pragmatics: Politeness trends from the historical perspective of global trade
Computer mediated communications: Social network – Came riding the waves of amazing coincidences
Analysis
Language acquisition:
A critique on "A corpus driven study of the potential for vocabulary learning through watching movies"

Grammatical analysis: "When a linguist stumbled upon a Buttonwood"
Lexicon and the corpus: "John Sinclair's lexical items – an introduction"
tagged by regionBY REGION • Anything AsiaUS Presence in Asia
ChinaTaiwanHong Kong and MacauJapanKoreaSingaporeMalaysiaPhilippinesPakistanIndiaAfghanistanVietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and MyanmarTimor-Leste and IndonesiaMongoliaNew Zealand and Australia
tagged by topicsBY TOPIC • BiofuelRhino and elephant poachingAmerican movies hit China marketChina Internet censorshipChina's outward FDI opportunitiesGlobal rice yield
ISLAND DISPUTES – FROM A DISTANCE
Island disputes in Southeast Asia | Senkakus-Diaoyu and historical findings | Dokdo-Takeshima | Spratly, Paracel, Scarborough | Kurils

For those you who don't have time to read all our news excerpts about the Asian island disputes (links above), you may find the following video, "The economic impact of a war between Japan and China", very enlightening.



© Minute MBA: More from onlinemba.com

Free Pussy Riot!
Free Pussy Riot!

Photo © Igor Mukhin, retrieved from Wikipedia

"This trial is another example of the Kremlin's attempts to discourage and delegitimize dissent. It is likely to backfire." John Dalhuisen, Director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme

 More from Amnesty InternationalFree Pussy Riot



How it started – Pussy Riot Prayers, February 2012

PUSSY RIOT CHRONOLOGY 2012
08/17 Pussy Riot imprisoned on hooliganism charges
08/17 The only professionals in sight
08/19 Pussy Riot protesters arrested in Marseille
08/20 NZ PM – Sentence 'disproportionate'
08/20 Pussy Riot fear their kids being put in care
08/22 German supporters face criminal charges
08/22 Pussy Riot – it's carefully calibrated
08/23 Russian church-state corruption unveiled
08/23 Putin's secret weapon: The Orthodox faithful
08/24 Putin-nominated watchdog slams convictions
08/31 'Pussy Riot ritual killing', man detained
09/03 Orthodox deacon speaks over verdict
09/06 Putin denies part in 'Pussy Riot case'
09/10 Pussy Riot benefit concert draws 1,000
09/10 Gorbachev says verdict "disproportionate"
09/19 Punk group to transfer to remote penal colony
09/21 Aung San calls on Moscow to release RP
10/01 Sentence appeal delayed until Oct 10
10/10 Katya freed, 2 years for Nadya and Masha
10/16 Masha and Nadya sent to remote labor prison



BBC • Pussy Riot women begin life in prison

11/16 Merkel challanges Putin on imprisonment
11/22 Maria Alekhina transferred to solitary cell
11/28 Tolokonnikova's appeal case goes to court
12/24 Extremist videos appeal adjourned

PUSSY RIOT CHRONOLOGY 2013
01/15 Masha's sentence deferment denied
02/01 PR civil claim granted right to appeal
02/07 Pussy Riot files complaint with ECHR
03/06 Ombudsman asks court to overturn verdict
03/08 Protesters detained in Moscow
04/13 PR gets reprimand: parole problematic
04/21 PR defense seeks abolition of conviction
07/26 Parole denied, PR remains defiant



The Knife supporting PR at Pukkelpop

08/17 Against verdict on PR – Day of Solidarity
08/23 PR seeks mitigation of remaining sentence
GLUCK ON SOCIALISM AND CHINA Asia (c) Robert Churchill
Photo © Robert Churchill

Professor Sidney Gluck (c) Sandi BachomI am honored to have obtained Professor Sidney Gluck's (right) permission to allow me to repost here some of his work and interview related to China and socialism. Professor Gluck is professor emertius at the New School University in New York. A classical Marxist, Gluck has been studying China for 60 years in history and modern development. He has lectured all over the U.S. and still welcomes engagement at the age of 94 – photo © Sandi Bachom

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Oh, please do not get me wrong. This new section is not about computers, electronics or any engineering stuff, but rather I am currently constructing a new corpus based on Spectrum, the monthly publication from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers USA, from July 2007 to date. Having been a member for over 20 years since 1992, I am always fascinated by some of the terms scientists use when they talk about or envision their new inventions or methodologies. How many of them eventually come into practice? Could there be some insights we could possibly derive, from the linguistics perspective?

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